Asthma is a chronic condition that occurs when the airways in the lungs narrow, swell, and produce excess mucus. This leads to breathing difficulties. It can also cause wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. For some individuals, asthma can just be a minor nuisance, but in others, it can significantly interfere with their quality of life and even cause death.
Aasthma cannot be cured, but with the assistance of a reliable allergy and asthma doctor, such as Dr. Laura Ispas, its symptoms can be managed. Since asthma is quite dynamic, it is imperative for asthmatic people to work closely with their doctors to track the symptoms and adjust treatment accordingly. Below are some essential things you should know about asthma.
Symptoms of Asthma
The symptoms of asthma and their frequency can vary from one person to another. Some people may have asthma during certain times, while others can have symptoms at all times. Some of the common symptoms of asthma include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain or tightness
- Wheezing or whistling sound when breathing out
- Trouble sleeping due to coughing and shortness of breath
Note that the symptoms can worsen when you have a respiratory virus, such as flu or cold.
Causes of Asthma
Exposure to allergens can trigger the symptoms and signs of asthma. The triggers can differ from one person to another. The most common triggers include:
- Airborne substances such as dust, mold spores, pet dander, and pollen among others
- Respiratory infections
- Cold, dry air
- Physical exercise
- Stress and other strong emotions
- Sulfites and preservatives added to some beverages and food
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Certain medication, such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, and beta-blockers
Risk Factors of Asthma
There are several factors that can increase a person's chances of developing asthma. Some of them include:
- Genetic - having close relatives with asthma
- Being overweight
- Exposure to second-hand smoke
- Exposure to pollutants, such as exhaust fumes
- Exposure to occupational asthma triggers such as chemicals used in manufacturing, hairdressing, and farming industries
Tips for Managing Asthma
Although you cannot wholly prevent asthma, there are some tips you can count on to avoid asthma attacks
- Work with your doctor to create an asthma action plan. Make sure you stick to the plan
- Identify and avoid triggers
- Take your medication as prescribed by your doctor
- Get vaccinated for pneumonia and influenza
- Monitor your breathing and take note of increasing need to get relief from inhalers.
- See your doctor in order to adjust your treatment when necessary
The Bottom Line
Overall, it is apparent that asthma can be quite a devastating medical condition. Although it cannot be treated, its symptoms are easy to manage. However, for you to manage them effectively, you need the assistance of an asthma doctor. If you are looking for a reliable allergy facility in Leesburg, VA, Allergy Asthma & Immunology Institute is your best bet. Feel free to contact or visit them for more information about their services.