Phytonutrients: What Are They? How Are They Beneficial For The Body?

The body needs to gain access to nutrients to encourage growth and development. These nutrients come in different forms, offering various functions. Some of these are phytonutrients, which can be beneficial to the human body.

“Phyto” is a Greek word that means plants. As a result, phytonutrients are needed by plants to protect themselves from bugs, germs, and fungi. For further explanation, this guide will look into what phytonutrients are, as well as their benefits in the body system.

What are Phytonutrients?

Phytonutrients are natural compounds or chemicals that are synthesized by plants. Phytonutrients are also associated with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant attributes that ensure that a healthy human body can be promoted.

Plants also need these chemicals to ensure that they are protected from the sun and insects. Because the body needs these compounds, it is essential that they are properly explained.

Types of Phytonutrients

While many people embrace Winstrol and many bodybuilding supplements for building their muscles and treating obesity, phytonutrients are antioxidants that can get rid of excess fats. There are thousands of phytonutrients that are available in plants, each offering different functions. However, the most popular ones are explained in this section:


You will find these in many fruits and vegetables. These nutrients give them red or orange colors. These carotenoids can play the role of antioxidants in the body, ensuring that they can protect the body from free radicals that are harmful to tissues.

The body can convert beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin to vitamin A, which is capable of keeping your immune system in perfect working condition. This can also promote your eye health.


Flavonoids are found in various plant foods and they come in different types:

  • Hesperidin: These are antioxidants that tackle inflammation. A good source is a citrus fruit.
  • Catechins: A good source of this is green tea. This can help in tackling specific types of cancer.
  • Quercetin: This is a popular type of flavonoid that can be found in Kale, Apples, Onions, and Berries.

Ellagic Acid

This can help the liver fight chemicals that can cause cancer in your body. It can be found in numerous berries, including Raspberries, Strawberries, and Pomegranates.


This is a phytonutrient that can minimize the risk of heart disease. It also acts as an antioxidant that tackles inflammation. Popular sources of resveratrol are red wine, grapes, and purple grape juice.


You will find glucosinolates in various cruciferous vegetables. Some of these include Brussels sprouts, Kale, Broccoli, and Cabbage. The sharp flavor and odor of vegetables are a result of these chemicals when they are cooked, as well as during their digestion. They are also beneficial to the body.


Phytoestrogens often offer similar effects to estrogen, thanks to their structure. A good example of phytoestrogens isoflavone, which can be found in soy foods. These soy foods have been associated with a reduced risk of bone loss among women.

Another type of phytonutrient that is important in the body is lignans. The body converts this nutrient into chemicals that offer estrogen-like effects. Sesame seeds and flaxseeds are good sources of lignans.


Nutrients are considered to be the building blocks of the entire body system. As a result, they are needed in the body in the right amount. Phytonutrients are popular nutrients that are often found in plants. They offer the body a wide range of benefits, thanks to their varying attributes. However, it is imperative to understand the different types of phytonutrients. This will help you learn more about how your body can benefit from them.

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