Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

Getting pregnant and carrying it to term is actually a complex process, and many things could go wrong. Many couples have been trying to conceive to no avail due to female infertility, male infertility or a combination of both. To be diagnosed as infertile, you must have been unsuccessful in efforts to conceive through the course of one year. If the problem leading to infertility exists in the woman, it's referred to as female infertility. If it exists within the man, it's male infertility.

Most cases could be difficult to diagnose but luckily, there are many available treatments that also depend on the type of cause. A majority of infertile couples end up conceiving without treatment. If, however, you feel the need to seek medical attention, consult Lake Nona STD testing center for effective diagnosis and treatment.

Pregnancy Requirements

Infertility could be caused by many factors including genetic factors, egg or sperm production, or lack thereof, or extreme exposure to certain toxins and chemicals. For a couple to become pregnant, at least four things need to happen. First, the man must produce viable sperm, which can successfully fertilize the egg.

Second, the woman must be capable of ovulation and must release an egg from one of her ovaries to be fertilized. Third, egg transportation must happen. The egg should be able to move through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Lastly, the fertilized egg must be able to successfully attach to the inside of the uterus, a process referred to as implantation.

Causes of Infertility in Men

The main cause of infertility in men is abnormal sperm function or low sperm count. This problem may be caused by a variety of underlying causes which include genetic damage or DNA defects, undescended testicles, health issues such as diabetes, prior viral or bacterial infections such as adenovirus or mumps. Trauma on the testicles or inguinal area, which could be because of injury or surgery, enlarged veins in the testicles, which affect blood flow and heat regulation in the testicles, both of which affect the shape and number of sperm produced.

Additional causes may include over-exposure to toxins and chemicals such as chemotherapy, radiation, and pesticides, over-exposure to heat such as in hot tubs or saunas, surgical removal of the testicles due to illness, and overdependence on alcohol, tobacco smoke or marijuana, and steroid use.

A man can have problems delivering sperm due to premature ejaculation, injury to the reproductive organs, genetic diseases, for instance, cystic fibrosis, or retrograde ejaculation where the semen enters the bladder rather than emerging through the penis.

Cause of Infertility in Women

The causes of infertility in women include hormonal issues, and structural issues, among others. Hormonal issues refer to disorders present in the hormonal system, which affects ovulation. These problems could result from a lack of synchronized changes, which are required for the production and release of an egg.

The underlying causes include issues with the thyroid gland, such as excess thyroid hormone or too little, which causes interference with the menstrual cycle.

Structural issues include benign growths in the uterus, cervix or fallopian tube such as fibroids or polyps. The fallopian tube may have been scarred in a previous injury, or due to pelvic infections that come from STDs. Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes could prevent egg transportation. Additional factors include athletic overtraining, poor diet that lacks nutrients or other illnesses.

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